② 建议用以下的方式 Topic Sentence — Supporting Sentence — Example/details，也就是主题句+原因或者目的+细节的方式答题。
以6.8口语小组的 Task 1为例
Talk about the most memorable birthday you have ever had, explain why it is very
② 这道题同样只说一点就可以了，方式依然是采用 Topic Sentence — Supporting Sentence — Example/details，也就是同意或者不同意+原因+具体例子。
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: Teenage at sixteen are not mature enough to drive a car. Please include details and examples in your explanation.
对于一二题的建议，只说一个点完全足够了，一定要个人化，firstly, secondly这种模板化的词汇最好不要出现。答题建议使用 主题句+论据+具体例子的方法。
以TPO 15 Task 3为例
University should pave running trails
The university has about three miles of unpaved dirt running trails that pass through the forest near campus. I think there trails should be paved with cement. One reason for paving the trails would be to increase their safety. When it rains, the dirt turns to mud and becomes very slippery, so the runners who use them can slip and fall. Pavement would solve this problem. Also, paving would make the trails look nicer, which would encourage students to use them. Bumps in the trail would be smoothed out and weeds would be paved over, making the trail more attractive to runners.
1) Proposal, pave the dirt trails
2) reason 1, make it safer
3) reason 2, make it nicer and attrack more runners
1) will make it not safe but hurt your bones and joints
2) will not attract more runners because student would like to enjoy the nature and get away from campus or city.
The proposal is university should pave the dirt trails with cement because by doing this, university can make the trail less slip and the runners won't be falling. And also, they are hoping the pavement will make the trails look better and attract more runners.
The man thinks this is a terrible idea. Speaking of the reason, he thinks that running on hard surface frequently will not make the runners safer, because being exposed to hard surface will actually lead to injuries and harm to bones or joints. Besides, it won't attract more runners because the pavement will make the trails just like any other sidewalk. Students like to run on the dirt trail since it makes them feel like getting away from cities and running in the nature.
② 关于问题解决方案和你自己的suggestion 建议1:1, 也就是前面30S 后面30 s
① 概念定义，用自己的话说明某个概念，技巧：看到诸如 “this is known as”, “this is referred to as”, “this is called”, “people call this”, “people refer to this as”等类似表达的时候 , 此表达的前边一句话 , 很可能便是阅读中概念的定义句 .
① 概念只需要一句话就可以， 用时保证在10-15s
④ 如果听力部分的例子中出现专有名词(如植物名和动物名), 可以用诸如 a kind of plant和 a kind of bird之类的短语表达 , 不会说专有名词不会造成扣分
How an object affects our senses depends in part on external conditions, and these conditions are always changing. An object viewed from one angle presents a different shape to our eyes than when viewed from another angle; similarly, as the distance from which we view an object changes, the object will appear larger or smaller. In spite of this, even as conditions change and we see objects differently, we still recognize that they remain the same. This is what is known as perceptual constancy. If not for perceptual constancy, we might have difficulty recognizing familiar objects if we viewed them in a new and different context.
从 This is what is known as perceptual constancy.我们知道前面一句话就是 Perceptual constancy的定义， even as conditions change and we see objects differently, we still recognize that they remain the same
1) kitchen plate角度不同，一个circle, 一个 oval
1)The first example shows that the shape of the plate changes, but because of the concept of perceptual constancy, we don’t think we have two plates
2) The second example shows that although the professor seems to have different sizes in the two situations, again, because of perceptual constancy, we know he’s the same person.
② 如果听力部分的例子中出现专有名词(如植物名和动物名), 可以使用诸如 a kind of plant和 a kind of bird之类的短语表达
下面以 TPO 2 Task 6为例
1.The professor is discussing two different definitions of money.
2.A broad definition of money is anything that can be used to make purchases with.
3.For example, people might give a taxi driver coins or bills, or even vegetables for a ride.
4.A narrower definition of money is something that must be accepted as payment, legal tender.
5.For example, a taxi driver must accept coins and bills, but he does not have to accept vegetables, because vegetables are not legal tender in the U.S.
The professor is talking about two different definitions of money. A broad definition of money is anything that can be used to make purchases with. For example, people might give a taxi driver coins or bills for a ride. If they don’t have coins or bills, they may even use vegetables as a form of money to purchase the service, I mean, the ride. A narrower definition of money is something that must be accepted as payment, in a more formal way, legal tender. For example, a taxi driver must accept coins and bills because they are legal tender in the U.S., however, he does not have to accept vegetables, because he is not required by the law to do this.